Cultural and patrimonial tourism

Sunday, December 01, 2013 0

The heritage is the inheritance of the past of which we take advantage today and which we pass on in the generations to come. Our cultural and natural heritages are two irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. Places so extraordinary and diverse as the wild areas of the national park of Serengeti in East Africa, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef and the baroque cathedrals of Latin America establish(constitute) the heritage of our world.

According to the UNESCO, the cultural and patrimonial journey is one of the segments of the international tourism which knows the fastest growth. Who are his followers? What experiences do they favor? To distance itself within a world market always more competitive, the destinations build up to themselves unique identities to seduce this segment in search of dumping and of authenticity.

According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the World Tourism Organization, the cultural and patrimonial journey represented 40 % of the whole international tourism in 2007 compared with 37 % in 1995.

As the travelers are engaged in new activities of niche, this type of tourism does not stop diversifying. It includes the architectural tourism, the visit of the natural, referenced sites or not by the UNESCO, and the marine tourism for the exploration of the underwater inheritance. We also count the religious tourism and the gastronomic tourism, the agrotourism, the festivals and, doubtless the most traditional activity of all, the visit of museums and art galleries.

Among the motivations the most evoked by the followers of cultural journeys, we find:

  • The desire to live the local culture and to experiment the authenticity of places (it is not only a question any more of seeing icons main things of the heritage, but of diving into the culture.);
  • The will to acquire knowledge and to understand better the populations and the history of places.

Generally, the cultural tourists know straightaway the activities about which they will devote before their arrival to destination. Museums, sites and historic monuments appear among the attractions the most desired by the referees. The events such as concerts and shows are relatively less stocked, probably because of the period of time limited by their holding and language barriers.

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